Sample usage for wsd¶
Word Sense Disambiguation¶
Performs the classic Lesk algorithm for Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) using a the definitions of the ambiguous word.
Given an ambiguous word and the context in which the word occurs, Lesk returns a Synset with the highest number of overlapping words between the context sentence and different definitions from each Synset.
>>> from nltk.wsd import lesk >>> sent = ['I', 'went', 'to', 'the', 'bank', 'to', 'deposit', 'money', '.']
>>> print(lesk(sent, 'bank', 'n')) Synset('savings_bank.n.02')
>>> print(lesk(sent, 'bank')) Synset('savings_bank.n.02')
The definitions for “bank” are:
>>> from nltk.corpus import wordnet as wn >>> for ss in wn.synsets('bank'): ... print(ss, ss.definition()) ... Synset('bank.n.01') sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water) Synset('depository_financial_institution.n.01') a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities Synset('bank.n.03') a long ridge or pile Synset('bank.n.04') an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers Synset('bank.n.05') a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies) Synset('bank.n.06') the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games Synset('bank.n.07') a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force Synset('savings_bank.n.02') a container (usually with a slot in the top) for keeping money at home Synset('bank.n.09') a building in which the business of banking transacted Synset('bank.n.10') a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning) Synset('bank.v.01') tip laterally Synset('bank.v.02') enclose with a bank Synset('bank.v.03') do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank Synset('bank.v.04') act as the banker in a game or in gambling Synset('bank.v.05') be in the banking business Synset('deposit.v.02') put into a bank account Synset('bank.v.07') cover with ashes so to control the rate of burning Synset('trust.v.01') have confidence or faith in
Test disambiguation of POS tagged able.
>>> [(s, s.pos()) for s in wn.synsets('able')] [(Synset('able.a.01'), 'a'), (Synset('able.s.02'), 's'), (Synset('able.s.03'), 's'), (Synset('able.s.04'), 's')] >>> sent = 'people should be able to marry a person of their choice'.split() >>> lesk(sent, 'able') Synset('able.s.04') >>> lesk(sent, 'able', pos='a') Synset('able.a.01')
Test behavior if there is are no matching senses.
>>> lesk('John loves Mary'.split(), 'loves', synsets=)