Sample usage for stem



Stemmers remove morphological affixes from words, leaving only the word stem.

>>> from nltk.stem import *

Unit tests for the Porter stemmer

>>> from nltk.stem.porter import *

Create a new Porter stemmer.

>>> stemmer = PorterStemmer()

Test the stemmer on various pluralised words.

>>> plurals = ['caresses', 'flies', 'dies', 'mules', 'denied',
...            'died', 'agreed', 'owned', 'humbled', 'sized',
...            'meeting', 'stating', 'siezing', 'itemization',
...            'sensational', 'traditional', 'reference', 'colonizer',
...            'plotted']
>>> singles = [stemmer.stem(plural) for plural in plurals]
>>> print(' '.join(singles))
caress fli die mule deni die agre own humbl size meet
state siez item sensat tradit refer colon plot

Unit tests for Snowball stemmer

>>> from nltk.stem.snowball import SnowballStemmer

See which languages are supported.

>>> print(" ".join(SnowballStemmer.languages))
arabic danish dutch english finnish french german hungarian italian
norwegian porter portuguese romanian russian spanish swedish

Create a new instance of a language specific subclass.

>>> stemmer = SnowballStemmer("english")

Stem a word.

>>> print(stemmer.stem("running"))

Decide not to stem stopwords.

>>> stemmer2 = SnowballStemmer("english", ignore_stopwords=True)
>>> print(stemmer.stem("having"))
>>> print(stemmer2.stem("having"))

The ‘english’ stemmer is better than the original ‘porter’ stemmer.

>>> print(SnowballStemmer("english").stem("generously"))
>>> print(SnowballStemmer("porter").stem("generously"))


Extra stemmer tests can be found in nltk.test.unit.test_stem.

Unit tests for ARLSTem Stemmer

>>> from nltk.stem.arlstem import ARLSTem

Create a Stemmer instance.

>>> stemmer = ARLSTem()

Stem a word.

>>> stemmer.stem('يعمل')

Unit tests for ARLSTem2 Stemmer

>>> from nltk.stem.arlstem2 import ARLSTem2

Create a Stemmer instance.

>>> stemmer = ARLSTem2()

Stem a word.

>>> stemmer.stem('يعمل')