Source code for nltk.stem.isri

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Natural Language Toolkit: The ISRI Arabic Stemmer
#
# Copyright (C) 2001-2017 NLTK Proejct
# Algorithm: Kazem Taghva, Rania Elkhoury, and Jeffrey Coombs (2005)
# Author: Hosam Algasaier <hosam_hme@yahoo.com>
# URL: <http://nltk.org/>
# For license information, see LICENSE.TXT

"""
ISRI Arabic Stemmer

The algorithm for this stemmer is described in:

Taghva, K., Elkoury, R., and Coombs, J. 2005. Arabic Stemming without a root dictionary.
Information Science Research Institute. University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA.

The Information Science Research Institute’s (ISRI) Arabic stemmer shares many features
with the Khoja stemmer. However, the main difference is that ISRI stemmer does not use root
dictionary. Also, if a root is not found, ISRI stemmer returned normalized form, rather than
returning the original unmodified word.

Additional adjustments were made to improve the algorithm:

1- Adding 60 stop words.
2- Adding the pattern (تفاعيل) to ISRI pattern set.
3- The step 2 in the original algorithm was normalizing all hamza. This step is discarded because it
increases the word ambiguities and changes the original root.

"""
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import re

from nltk.stem.api import StemmerI


[docs]class ISRIStemmer(StemmerI): ''' ISRI Arabic stemmer based on algorithm: Arabic Stemming without a root dictionary. Information Science Research Institute. University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA. A few minor modifications have been made to ISRI basic algorithm. See the source code of this module for more information. isri.stem(token) returns Arabic root for the given token. The ISRI Stemmer requires that all tokens have Unicode string types. If you use Python IDLE on Arabic Windows you have to decode text first using Arabic '1256' coding. ''' def __init__(self): # length three prefixes self.p3 = ['\u0643\u0627\u0644', '\u0628\u0627\u0644', '\u0648\u0644\u0644', '\u0648\u0627\u0644'] # length two prefixes self.p2 = ['\u0627\u0644', '\u0644\u0644'] # length one prefixes self.p1 = ['\u0644', '\u0628', '\u0641', '\u0633', '\u0648', '\u064a', '\u062a', '\u0646', '\u0627'] # length three suffixes self.s3 = ['\u062a\u0645\u0644', '\u0647\u0645\u0644', '\u062a\u0627\u0646', '\u062a\u064a\u0646', '\u0643\u0645\u0644'] # length two suffixes self.s2 = ['\u0648\u0646', '\u0627\u062a', '\u0627\u0646', '\u064a\u0646', '\u062a\u0646', '\u0643\u0645', '\u0647\u0646', '\u0646\u0627', '\u064a\u0627', '\u0647\u0627', '\u062a\u0645', '\u0643\u0646', '\u0646\u064a', '\u0648\u0627', '\u0645\u0627', '\u0647\u0645'] # length one suffixes self.s1 = ['\u0629', '\u0647', '\u064a', '\u0643', '\u062a', '\u0627', '\u0646'] # groups of length four patterns self.pr4 = {0: ['\u0645'], 1: ['\u0627'], 2: ['\u0627', '\u0648', '\u064A'], 3: ['\u0629']} # Groups of length five patterns and length three roots self.pr53 = {0: ['\u0627', '\u062a'], 1: ['\u0627', '\u064a', '\u0648'], 2: ['\u0627', '\u062a', '\u0645'], 3: ['\u0645', '\u064a', '\u062a'], 4: ['\u0645', '\u062a'], 5: ['\u0627', '\u0648'], 6: ['\u0627', '\u0645']} self.re_short_vowels = re.compile(r'[\u064B-\u0652]') self.re_hamza = re.compile(r'[\u0621\u0624\u0626]') self.re_initial_hamza = re.compile(r'^[\u0622\u0623\u0625]') self.stop_words = ['\u064a\u0643\u0648\u0646', '\u0648\u0644\u064a\u0633', '\u0648\u0643\u0627\u0646', '\u0643\u0630\u0644\u0643', '\u0627\u0644\u062a\u064a', '\u0648\u0628\u064a\u0646', '\u0639\u0644\u064a\u0647\u0627', '\u0645\u0633\u0627\u0621', '\u0627\u0644\u0630\u064a', '\u0648\u0643\u0627\u0646\u062a', '\u0648\u0644\u0643\u0646', '\u0648\u0627\u0644\u062a\u064a', '\u062a\u0643\u0648\u0646', '\u0627\u0644\u064a\u0648\u0645', '\u0627\u0644\u0644\u0630\u064a\u0646', '\u0639\u0644\u064a\u0647', '\u0643\u0627\u0646\u062a', '\u0644\u0630\u0644\u0643', '\u0623\u0645\u0627\u0645', '\u0647\u0646\u0627\u0643', '\u0645\u0646\u0647\u0627', '\u0645\u0627\u0632\u0627\u0644', '\u0644\u0627\u0632\u0627\u0644', '\u0644\u0627\u064a\u0632\u0627\u0644', '\u0645\u0627\u064a\u0632\u0627\u0644', '\u0627\u0635\u0628\u062d', '\u0623\u0635\u0628\u062d', '\u0623\u0645\u0633\u0649', '\u0627\u0645\u0633\u0649', '\u0623\u0636\u062d\u0649', '\u0627\u0636\u062d\u0649', '\u0645\u0627\u0628\u0631\u062d', '\u0645\u0627\u0641\u062a\u0626', '\u0645\u0627\u0627\u0646\u0641\u0643', '\u0644\u0627\u0633\u064a\u0645\u0627', '\u0648\u0644\u0627\u064a\u0632\u0627\u0644', '\u0627\u0644\u062d\u0627\u0644\u064a', '\u0627\u0644\u064a\u0647\u0627', '\u0627\u0644\u0630\u064a\u0646', '\u0641\u0627\u0646\u0647', '\u0648\u0627\u0644\u0630\u064a', '\u0648\u0647\u0630\u0627', '\u0644\u0647\u0630\u0627', '\u0641\u0643\u0627\u0646', '\u0633\u062a\u0643\u0648\u0646', '\u0627\u0644\u064a\u0647', '\u064a\u0645\u0643\u0646', '\u0628\u0647\u0630\u0627', '\u0627\u0644\u0630\u0649']
[docs] def stem(self, token): """ Stemming a word token using the ISRI stemmer. """ token = self.norm(token, 1) # remove diacritics which representing Arabic short vowels if token in self.stop_words: return token # exclude stop words from being processed token = self.pre32(token) # remove length three and length two prefixes in this order token = self.suf32(token) # remove length three and length two suffixes in this order token = self.waw(token) # remove connective ‘و’ if it precedes a word beginning with ‘و’ token = self.norm(token, 2) # normalize initial hamza to bare alif # if 4 <= word length <= 7, then stem; otherwise, no stemming if len(token) == 4: # length 4 word token = self.pro_w4(token) elif len(token) == 5: # length 5 word token = self.pro_w53(token) token = self.end_w5(token) elif len(token) == 6: # length 6 word token = self.pro_w6(token) token = self.end_w6(token) elif len(token) == 7: # length 7 word token = self.suf1(token) if len(token) == 7: token = self.pre1(token) if len(token) == 6: token = self.pro_w6(token) token = self.end_w6(token) return token
[docs] def norm(self, word, num=3): """ normalization: num=1 normalize diacritics num=2 normalize initial hamza num=3 both 1&2 """ if num == 1: word = self.re_short_vowels.sub('', word) elif num == 2: word = self.re_initial_hamza.sub('\u0627', word) elif num == 3: word = self.re_short_vowels.sub('', word) word = self.re_initial_hamza.sub('\u0627', word) return word
[docs] def pre32(self, word): """remove length three and length two prefixes in this order""" if len(word) >= 6: for pre3 in self.p3: if word.startswith(pre3): return word[3:] if len(word) >= 5: for pre2 in self.p2: if word.startswith(pre2): return word[2:] return word
[docs] def suf32(self, word): """remove length three and length two suffixes in this order""" if len(word) >= 6: for suf3 in self.s3: if word.endswith(suf3): return word[:-3] if len(word) >= 5: for suf2 in self.s2: if word.endswith(suf2): return word[:-2] return word
[docs] def waw(self, word): """remove connective ‘و’ if it precedes a word beginning with ‘و’ """ if len(word) >= 4 and word[:2] == '\u0648\u0648': word = word[1:] return word
[docs] def pro_w4(self, word): """process length four patterns and extract length three roots""" if word[0] in self.pr4[0]: # مفعل word = word[1:] elif word[1] in self.pr4[1]: # فاعل word = word[:1] + word[2:] elif word[2] in self.pr4[2]: # فعال - فعول - فعيل word = word[:2] + word[3] elif word[3] in self.pr4[3]: # فعلة word = word[:-1] else: word = self.suf1(word) # do - normalize short sufix if len(word) == 4: word = self.pre1(word) # do - normalize short prefix return word
[docs] def pro_w53(self, word): """process length five patterns and extract length three roots""" if word[2] in self.pr53[0] and word[0] == '\u0627': # افتعل - افاعل word = word[1] + word[3:] elif word[3] in self.pr53[1] and word[0] == '\u0645': # مفعول - مفعال - مفعيل word = word[1:3] + word[4] elif word[0] in self.pr53[2] and word[4] == '\u0629': # مفعلة - تفعلة - افعلة word = word[1:4] elif word[0] in self.pr53[3] and word[2] == '\u062a': # مفتعل - يفتعل - تفتعل word = word[1] + word[3:] elif word[0] in self.pr53[4] and word[2] == '\u0627': # مفاعل - تفاعل word = word[1] + word[3:] elif word[2] in self.pr53[5] and word[4] == '\u0629': # فعولة - فعالة word = word[:2] + word[3] elif word[0] in self.pr53[6] and word[1] == '\u0646': # انفعل - منفعل word = word[2:] elif word[3] == '\u0627' and word[0] == '\u0627': # افعال word = word[1:3] + word[4] elif word[4] == '\u0646' and word[3] == '\u0627': # فعلان word = word[:3] elif word[3] == '\u064a' and word[0] == '\u062a': # تفعيل word = word[1:3] + word[4] elif word[3] == '\u0648' and word[1] == '\u0627': # فاعول word = word[0] + word[2] + word[4] elif word[2] == '\u0627' and word[1] == '\u0648': # فواعل word = word[0] + word[3:] elif word[3] == '\u0626' and word[2] == '\u0627': # فعائل word = word[:2] + word[4] elif word[4] == '\u0629' and word[1] == '\u0627': # فاعلة word = word[0] + word[2:4] elif word[4] == '\u064a' and word[2] == '\u0627': # فعالي word = word[:2] + word[3] else: word = self.suf1(word) # do - normalize short sufix if len(word) == 5: word = self.pre1(word) # do - normalize short prefix return word
[docs] def pro_w54(self, word): """process length five patterns and extract length four roots""" if word[0] in self.pr53[2]: # تفعلل - افعلل - مفعلل word = word[1:] elif word[4] == '\u0629': # فعللة word = word[:4] elif word[2] == '\u0627': # فعالل word = word[:2] + word[3:] return word
[docs] def end_w5(self, word): """ending step (word of length five)""" if len(word) == 4: word = self.pro_w4(word) elif len(word) == 5: word = self.pro_w54(word) return word
[docs] def pro_w6(self, word): """process length six patterns and extract length three roots""" if word.startswith('\u0627\u0633\u062a') or word.startswith('\u0645\u0633\u062a'): # مستفعل - استفعل word = word[3:] elif word[0] == '\u0645' and word[3] == '\u0627' and word[5] == '\u0629': # مفعالة word = word[1:3] + word[4] elif word[0] == '\u0627' and word[2] == '\u062a' and word[4] == '\u0627': # افتعال word = word[1] + word[3] + word[5] elif word[0] == '\u0627' and word[3] == '\u0648' and word[2] == word[4]: # افعوعل word = word[1] + word[4:] elif word[0] == '\u062a' and word[2] == '\u0627' and word[4] == '\u064a': # تفاعيل new pattern word = word[1] + word[3] + word[5] else: word = self.suf1(word) # do - normalize short sufix if len(word) == 6: word = self.pre1(word) # do - normalize short prefix return word
[docs] def pro_w64(self, word): """process length six patterns and extract length four roots""" if word[0] == '\u0627' and word[4] == '\u0627': # افعلال word = word[1:4] + word[5] elif word.startswith('\u0645\u062a'): # متفعلل word = word[2:] return word
[docs] def end_w6(self, word): """ending step (word of length six)""" if len(word) == 5: word = self.pro_w53(word) word = self.end_w5(word) elif len(word) == 6: word = self.pro_w64(word) return word
[docs] def suf1(self, word): """normalize short sufix""" for sf1 in self.s1: if word.endswith(sf1): return word[:-1] return word
[docs] def pre1(self, word): """normalize short prefix""" for sp1 in self.p1: if word.startswith(sp1): return word[1:] return word